Diabetes is a condition which results in high sugar/glucose in the blood, this can be because of inadequate insulin production or the inability of the body's cell to properly respond to insulin. It can also be about both cases.

TYPES

The most common types of diabetes are:

Type 1 diabetes: This is a condition whereby the pancreas produces little or no insulin to the body. According to research, type 1 diabetes is without cure but can be managed by diet and insulin injection.

Major SYMPTOMS includes:
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Increased thirst
  • Blurred Vision
  • Weight loss
  • Irritability 
Type 2 diabetes: This is a more common type of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not properly use insulin. At initial stage, the pancreas produces extra insulin to make up for it but over time, it's effectiveness reduces and can't produce enough insulin to regulate the glucose level in the blood. Treatment for type 2 diabetes may vary.

Most common TREATMENTS includes:
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Insulin therapy
  • Medication
The SYMPTOMS includes:
  • Increased hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue/weakness
  • Frequent urination
Prediabetes: This is a mid-range diabetes that leads to type 2 diabetes. The blood sugar is not high enough in prediabetes. This type of diabetes is not critical but if not properly monitored can result to type 2 diabetes. If not properly treated or managed, it is likely to develop into type 2 diabetes within 15 years.
Management of prediabetes includes: weight loss, medication and lifestyle.

Gestational diabetes: This type of diabetes is more related to pregnant women. According to research, those who develop gestational diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes in the future. For diagnoses, a blood sugar test is used as there are no symptoms in most cases.

Treatment includes:
  • Diet
  • Monitoring the baby
  • Medication if blood sugar increases
  • Exercise 

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