Indigestion is an uncomfortable pain in your upper abdomen. The feeling of discomfort or fullness in your abdomen and chest area can be described as indigestion. This is also called dyspepsia or non-acid dyspepsia, it is not a disease but a symptom to most medication conditions or diseases.
Most signs of indigestion may include heartburn (some researchers do not associate heartburn with indigestion), belching, bloating and nausea.

When you have indigestion, you feel fullness or discomfort in or around your stomach. These feelings may lead to belching to reduce the gas or bloating. This is a way for the body to feel more comfortable and also some people may experience nausea.

Causes of indigestion

So many things can cause indigestion, and they vary from person to person. Medical conditions, diseases, medications, lifestyle etc can also trigger indigestion in the abdomen. Listed below are major causes of indigestion.

Diseases and conditions that causes indigestion
  • Ulcer
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Gallstones
  • Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach)
  • Pregnancy
  • Food poisoning
  • Gastoparesis (mostly with diabetic patients)
  • Stomach cancer
  • Heart disease
  • Thyroid disease
  • Allergies or sensitivity to food
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • Estophagitis
  • Hiatal hernia
Medications that may result to indigestion includes:
  • Antibiotics
  • Oral contraceptive
  • Cholesterol medications
  • Aspirin and other pain killers
  • Steroids
  • Pain medications
  • High blood pressure medications
  • Thyroid medications
Lifestyle that may trigger indigestion includes:
  • Eating (fast eating, fatty foods, spicy foods)
  • Caffeine
  • Excessive Acohol intake
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Exposing your body to breeze
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue

Symptoms of indigestion

These symptoms are indications of a disease or condition. Indigestion is also a sign of a disease or condition. it is best to see your doctor when you notice any severe symptom . These symptoms may include:
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting (blood may appear in the vomit)
  • Tarry or black stool
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Severe pains around the right abdomen
  • Fainting or dizziness
  • Yellow colouring of the skin
  • Total discomfort

Treatment for indigestion

It is always recommended to see a doctor for proper diagnosis before treatment. Although some home remedies may be helpful, it is also important to get the proper dosage from a specialist. Some home remedies to help relieve the indigestion symptoms include:
  • Antacids (Tums, Rolaids)
  • Acid blockers (Zantac, prilosec OTC)
  • Milk (to reduce the acid in the stomach)
Remember to see a doctor for proper treatment and examination because indigestion can also be a symptom of a disease.