Vaginal yeast infection or vaginal candidiasis is an infection that involves a type of yeast (fungus) commonly known as Candida albicans. This fungus is responsible for over 90% of all cases and the remaining cases can be attributed to other species of Candida. This fungi is mainly found in moist and warm areas of the human body. According to research, 40% of all women carry this infection in the vagina without a trace of any symptom. However, vaginal itching, irritation, odor and inflammation can be as a result of multiplication of Candida albicans in the vagina to the point of infection.

Causes of Vaginal Yeast Infection

The imbalance of micro-organisms in the vagina which is caused when the fungus (candida albicans) is allowed to multiply unchecked, will result to vaginal yeast infection. Micro-organisms that causes the imbalance in the vagina includes:
  • Antibiotics medications: This may destroy the useful bacteria that are naturally present in the vagina (bacteria that protect the vagina). The infection may develop during or after the use of antibiotic medicines.
  • Diabetes: when the sugar content is increase in the vagina which is caused by diabetes, the risk of developing vaginal yeast infection is increased.
  • Hormonal changes (ovulation, pregnancy, birth control pills, menopause etc)
  • Use of Steroid
  • Use of feminine hygiene spray
  • Injuries or wounds in the vagina
Other causes may be as a result of weekness in the immune system. Infections like HIV/AIDS, Cancer and other drugs that weekens the immune system.

Symptoms of Vaginal yeast infection

Major symptoms of vaginal yeast infection includes:
  • Irritation inside or around the vagina
  • Painful urination
  • Painful intercourse
  • Itching of the genital area
  • White-gray and thick virginal discharge

Prevention of Vaginal yeast infection

These guidelines are necessary in the prevention of Vaginal yeast infection and they include:
  • Avoid chemical irritations
  • Always try to keep the vaginal area dry especially after taken a bath or swim
  • Avoid feminine hygiene or douche products
  • Wipe from front to rear after using the toilet

Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatment

Vaginal yeast infection can be treated with medications, but it is very important to get diagnosis from your doctor to ensure appropriate treatment. This is because, other infections can produce similar symptoms to vaginal yeast infection. Also, vaginal yeast infection may recur in some women but it can be treatment with the help of a medical professional. 

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