What is Asthma?

According to WHO estimates, over 250 million people's suffer from asthma around the world. Asthma is a chronic disease which is mainly characterized by recurring attacks of wheezing and breathlessness, which may be severe and frequent depending on the person.
In the cause of an attack, the lining of the bronchial tubes swell, this will cause the airways to narrow and reduce the flow of air into and out of the lungs.

Symptoms of Asthma

Symptoms may occur multiple times a day or week in affected persons, and may become worse during physical or strenuous activities.
Symptoms of recurrent asthma causes sleeplessness, daytime works, reduces the activities in school. The fatility rate of asthma is relatively low compared to other chronic disease.

Causes of Asthma

The core cause of Asthma is currently unknown. However, the major risk factors for developing this chronic disease ranges from environmental exposure combined with genetic predisposition, to inhaled substances and particles (dust) that may trigger allergic reactions or irritate the airways. Some of these particles that may trigger irritation or cause allergic reactions include:
  • Tobacco smokes
  • Chemical irritation
  • Air pollution  (dust, fumes)
Other things that may trigger asthma are physical exercise, emotional arousal, cold air and medications such as aspirin, beta blockers (used to treat high blood pressure, heart conditions and migraine) other anti-inflammatory drugs and non-steriod.

Treatment for Asthma

The treatment for asthma is mainly based on managing the disease. Asthma cannot be cured although managing the disease appropriately, can enable people to enjoy good quality of life.
Management based on medication can control asthma and relieve symptoms. It is advisable to always consult your asthma doctor for proper diagnosis.
It is also important to avoid things or activities that may trigger asthma. These triggers as mentioned above may differ from person to person. It is best you learn what really triggers your asthma so that you can avoid those trigger. This can be done with medical support. In addition, some children with lenient forms of asthma outgrow their symptom with age.
When compared to other chronic diseases asthma can be seen as the least but when not managed properly can be very severe and may lead to death.