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Prostate Cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland begins to grow uncontrollably. This gland is responsible for the production of the fluid found in the semen. Prostate can only be found in males.

The prostate gland is just below the male bladder and in front of the rectum. Younger men have smaller sizes of prostate gland but it gets bigger when they grow older.

The above image shows the location of the prostate gland in the male reproductive organ.

Types of Prostate

Prostate Cancer develops from gland cells. These are cell that make the prostate fluid that is added to the semen. The major types of prostate cancer includes:
  • Adenocarcinomas: (this is the most common type of prostate cancer amongs older males)
  • Sarcomas
  • Neuroendocrine tumors
  • Small cell carcinomas
  • Transitional cell carcinomas
Most prostate cancers are unnoticeable because they grow very slowly. Although, some prostrate cancers grow and spread very quickly. 

Research have shown that many older men who died of natural causes or other factors also had prostate cancer that never affected them during their lives. In most cases, even their doctors knew nothing about it. This goes a long way to show that prostate cancer might be present in the prostate gland but unnoticeable and may cause no harm.

Risk factors of Prostate Cancer 

So many things can increase your chances of getting prostate cancer. We have listed them here and also listed some preventive measures.

According to researchers, the risk factors doesn't necessary mean that the person will surely be affected with prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer risk factors include:

Age:

This is one major factor that can lead to prostate cancer. Research have shown that over 60% of men older than 45 years old stands a higher chance of developing the cancer in their prostate gland. Also, about 7 in 10 cases of prostate cancer are found in men older than 60.

Family history:

Inherited genes from families also contribute to the increased risk of developing prostate cancer. Although, most cases of prostate cancer are without any trace of family history, any trace of family history will double the risk of developing this disease. For men who have affected relatives, the risk will be much higher especially when these relatives developed the disease at a younger age.

Genetic Changes:

Change in inherited genetics tend to increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. This factor accounts for a very low percentage.

Some factors with lower risks of developing prostate cancer includes:
  • Diets
  • Obesity 
  • Chemical exposure
  • Smoking
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Inflammation of the prostrate
  • Vasectomy

Can Prostate Cancer be Prevented?

Yes it can. Although there are no sure ways of preventing prostate cancer but there are things that can be done to lower your risk of developing prostate cancer. They include:
  • Maintaining a good diet: Adding more vegetables and fruits to your daily diet.
  • Physical activity: keep a good routine to exercise your body and maintain good health and body shape.
  • Vitamins, minerals and other supplements: Although studies have shown that vitamins and minerals are very essential to bust the immune system of the body and keep it healthy, it is still unclear whether vitamins and minerals can prevent prostate cancer. Several research and studies are now looking at the possible effect of soy protein on prostate cancer risk. But at the time writing this article, the results of the findings are not yet available.
  • Medicine: Some drugs might help reduce the risk of prostate cancer but you must consult your doctor before you take any drugs or medication for this purpose. These drugs includes: Aspirin, finasteride (proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart).

Symptoms of prostate cancer

It is unlikely that prostate cancer be detected early. In most cases, severe symptoms are mainly detected at the late stage of prostate cancer.

These symptoms include:
  • Urinary problems (slow or weak urinary stream or the need to urinate more often especially at night)
  • Blood in the semen or urine
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Weakness in the legs or feet.
  • Pains around the hips, spinal cord and chest areas.
These symptoms are more likely to be caused by other medical conditions. It is important to talk to your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.


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