Cancer has been a big medical condition over the past years, there are various types of cancer like the Postrate cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer and so many others which are rare.

Colorectal cancer which is also known as Cancer of the bowel, rectum or Colon. This medical condition which affects the rectum and the colon is said to affect about 1 in 21 men in the American Society and  1 in 23 women. Colorectal cancer starts as growth in the human system, this occurs in the lining of the rectum or colon and these growths are called POLYPS.

Polyps are small abnormal tissues in the System, they mostly look like small flat bumps. On a clearer picture most polyps are non cancerous but overtime due to the abnormal growth cell they become cancerous which causes danger to the human system. Polyps do not only occur in the rectum and the Colon, they also grow in places like the Cervix, Ear, Throat (Vocal cord), Uterine lining and so many other places in the body. You should know that Polyps do not just grow like that or even just occur, they are various causes of Polyps which includes;

  • Inflammation
  • Tumor
  • Excess Estrogen
  • Chronic stomach Inflammation and so many others.
Polyps tends to affect people who are using tobacco and Alcohol.
Those who are over 50 years of age,
Eating high fat diet, Those who eat low fat fiber diet and Having internal inflammation disorder.

Polyps are often treated with different methods, that is if they are cancerous or not, like that of Polyps in the throat, the doctor only tells you to rest, so that overtime it will subside and heal, if it still persists that is when it might require surgery.

Now going back to Colorectal cancer, there are various symptoms to know if you have Colorectal cancer or not which are:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Blood in your stool
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Feeling that the bowel does not empty properly.
  • Feeling of fullness in the abdomen even after not eating for a while.

STAGES OF COLORECTAL CANCER

There are different stages in which Colorectal cancer takes place, the stages which are involved depends on the kind of treatment which will be needed.
Stage 0: This is the earlier stage of the cancer, this is when the cancer is still in the inner layer of the colon.

Stage 1: in this stage the cancer has not spread beyond  the wall of the colon or rectum it has only grown through the inner layer. 

Stage 2: We talked about the Lymph nodes, in the stage 2 process of the Colorectal cancer the cancer has not yet spread into that part, it has only grown through the wall of the rectum. 

Stage 3: The cancer has affected the lymph nodes but has not yet spread to other parts of the body. 
From the stage 3 part of the cancer any other stage that comes after this, has affected the liver, lungs and any other organs of the body. 

TREATMENT FOR COLORECTAL CANCER

There are various ways in which colorectal cancer can be treated, although it depends on the stage in which it has gotten to, the size and the location. 

The treatment options which includes:
Chemotherapy: Using Chemotherapy to treat Colonrectal cancer is actually a good step because it helps to shrink the size of the tumor growth. With the use of chemical and medicine chemotherapy helps in destroying the cancerous cells in the body system. Drugs which are used for Colorectal cancer which includes bevacizumab (Avastin) and ramucirumab (Cyramza).

Surgery: Surgery is another form of treatment for Colorectal cancer. Although this is used at a latter stage when the cancer has gone beyond chemotherapy treatment. Sometimes using the surgical method which is known as a permanent procedure to deal with the cancer, the bowel is usually sewn back together but sometimes the rectum is removed completely in which the surgeons fix in a colostomy bag which helps in collecting stools for a certain period of time, but in most cases that bag is permanent when it's not possible to join the bowels together. During surgery the affected cancerous tumours will be removed and nearby lymph nodes will be removed, this is done to prevent the cancer from spreading. 

Radiotherapy: Radiotherapy is the use of high radiation beams to shrink the tumor or destroy  the cancer cells. It may be used before surgery or after surgery.




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